Science psychology – Populer Psikoloji http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 07:41:53 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-01T204530.168-150x150.png Science psychology – Populer Psikoloji http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/ 32 32 Why is fanfiction so popular? » ABC of science http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/why-is-fanfiction-so-popular-abc-of-science/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 05:38:49 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/why-is-fanfiction-so-popular-abc-of-science/ Potterheads everywhere will tell you how desperately they want an owl to land on their doorstep and invite them into Hogwarts. As a Potterhead myself, I’ve had countless fantasies about being part of this magical realm. People like to dive deeper into their favorite book series or TV shows. They go so far as to […]]]>

Potterheads everywhere will tell you how desperately they want an owl to land on their doorstep and invite them into Hogwarts. As a Potterhead myself, I’ve had countless fantasies about being part of this magical realm.

People like to dive deeper into their favorite book series or TV shows. They go so far as to invent their own stories so that they can continue to live in this world. Why do we have this fascination to keep adding to these fictional worlds?

Reading a book (Photo credit: New Africa/Shutterstock)

Arm yourself with magic wands (and a pen) and let’s dive into the world of fan fiction.

Origin of fanfiction

As a child, do you remember when you pretended to be your favorite superhero and ran around the house annoying your parents? Or have you ever played with a doctor’s kit, pretending to save your father’s life?

This form of pretend play is very common among children and is an important part of child development. It requires complex cognitive skills and imagination. Pretend play allows a child to engage in an otherwise impossible situation in a very safe environment.

When we grow up, we continue to participate in similar game scenarios. We just call it daydreaming. We imagine what our life would be like if we became a doctor or had lots of money to buy whatever we want. dr. Jennifer L. Barnes from the University of Oklahoma claims that fan fiction is no different. Wondering what would happen if Sirius from the Harry Potter franchise never died, or if you could win Squid Game, is a form of pretend play or daydreaming.

Stary,Oskol,,Belgorod,Region,,Russia,-,November,1,,2021:,A

Participate in Squid Game (Photo credit: Hit Stop Media/Shutterstock)

Dr. Barnes states in his article that “[…] fan fiction is a way to imaginatively engage with fictional stories that go beyond consuming the source material. It allows you to daydream about your favorite characters, while pretending to actively participate in the story.

As mentioned earlier, fanfiction is much older than the internet. Stories of our ancestors could actually be considered a form of fan fiction, especially when people tend to add their own style to stories. For example, the King Arthur stories compiled by Sir Thomas Mallory could be considered fanfiction too, but the internet is what really made fan fiction the global phenomenon it is today.

According Literature on the subject, star trek was one of the “originals” that led to modern fanfiction. Before the internet, people went to conventions to share their love of the show and talk to like-minded people, like joining a sports or book club.

Casting ST TOS

Star Trek (Photo credit: Star Trek: The Original Series/Wikimedia Commons)

JThe internet has allowed this once underground activity to surface into the mainstream. Sites like fanfiction.net (launched in 1998) and Wattpad (launched in 2006) have revolutionized the world of fanfiction. Like-minded people can now easily share their love for their favorite characters.

Reasons why people love to read and write modern fanfiction

The research into the psychology behind fanfiction is a fascinating field, but it’s still new and enormously unexplored. Indeed, fanfiction comes with a stigma, often derided as “unserious” or “unoriginal”, a state of mind that bleeds into the search for these works, which is a shame. Exploring why and how groups write fanfiction could tell us a lot about the cognitive abilities of these groups of people.

Nonetheless, several brave scholars have attempted to investigate the world of fan fiction and deduced some key reasons why people might enjoy participating in this experience.

story experimentation

Having a way to go beyond the book to explore and challenge the storyline is at the heart of fan fiction. A paper Posted in Comparative literature and culture says that fan fiction is transformative because it allows people to reshape the original story and the characters within it.

Social implication

Unlike other types of literature, fanfiction is heavily based on social interaction. Fandoms write their fiction, which is not only derived from the original stories, but also from ‘meta text‘. Meta-texts are writings based on forum discussions about the original text.

A big part of fanfiction is the ongoing interaction between fans. Not only does this allow fans to share their imaginations, but it also allows them to learn the art of writing through real-time commentary.

Boys and girls seated around a round table

Fan fiction is a social activity (Photo credit: FoxyImage/Shutterstock)

Fill a gap

A crucial part of writing fanfiction is the focus on the characters more than the story.. You will find several examples of fan fiction on the dark history of Draco Malfoy, and an explanation of why he is the way he is. This type of fiction allows fans to fill in what they perceive to be gaps in their beloved books.

emotional investment

The previous point about fan fiction centralizing characters to plot is further demonstrated when looking at the popular ‘tag’ system in fan fiction. Stories on fanfiction websites are filtered based on tags, such as “hurt”, “comfort”, “angst”, “plush”, etc.

This is different from your average gender.

These types of literature describe emotions that go far beyond the original texts. Often the goal of writing is to expand the emotional connection with a character, rather than plot progression..

Dr Barnes Explain this beautifully by giving an example.

“Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy because the characters have a tragic ending, but angst fanfiction often doesn’t turn into tragedy – it revels in it.”

This highlights the parasocial relationship that fans have with their characters. Everyone experiences some form of parasocial interaction in their life. Basically, it means having a one-sided emotional investment in someone who has no idea you exist.

Having a poster of your favorite celebrity in your bedroom and having a vested interest in their lives would be classified as such a relationship. Many people engage in such behaviors because they provide companionship. Fanfiction writers are much the same, as it provides them with an outlet to explore their emotional attachments to characters.

Madrid,,Spain,-,Nov,22,,2017:,Daniel,Radcliffe,,Emma,Watson

Harry Potter poster (Photo credit: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock)

Challenge the mainstream media

Finally, fans can challenge prevailing ideologies and discrimination in their writing. The art of gender-bending (changing a character’s gender) is a perfect example. Not only does he directly challenge the author by pointing out the flaws in his stories, but he also highlights the portrayal of a marginalized population in stories we all love.

Conclusion

The internet has popularized the world of fan fiction and made it possible for people all over the world to share their love of stories on one platform. No matter what you think of fan fiction, analyzing the science behind fan fiction will tell us a lot about who we are. Whether fanfiction deserves a bad rap is up to you. It’s dictated by what you think and feel about the stories you love. Therefore, your idea of ​​what the profit from reading/writing fanfiction should be is also up to you.

As Dumbledore would say…

“Words are, in my humble opinion, our most inexhaustible source of magic, capable of both influencing the hurt and healing it.”

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (JK Rowling)

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Female Doctoral Students at Felician University Receive Executive Women of New Jersey Awards http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/female-doctoral-students-at-felician-university-receive-executive-women-of-new-jersey-awards/ Thu, 17 Nov 2022 23:09:00 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/female-doctoral-students-at-felician-university-receive-executive-women-of-new-jersey-awards/ RUTHERFORD, NJ – Felician University is proud to announce that Alexis Libert and Vanvian Hoo, doctoral students in the School of Arts and Sciences, have been selected as recipients of the 2022 Executive Women of New Jersey (EWNJ) awards. Ms. Libert is the winner of the EWNJ Prudential Award and Ms. Hoo won the EWNJ […]]]>

RUTHERFORD, NJ – Felician University is proud to announce that Alexis Libert and Vanvian Hoo, doctoral students in the School of Arts and Sciences, have been selected as recipients of the 2022 Executive Women of New Jersey (EWNJ) awards.

Ms. Libert is the winner of the EWNJ Prudential Award and Ms. Hoo won the EWNJ Graduate Merit Award. Both awards include a scholarship to help them achieve their academic and professional goals. Qualifications for selection for an EWNJ award include being a permanent resident of New Jersey who is a non-traditional student attending graduate school and has earned at least 12 credits toward her degree. Ms. Libert and Ms. Hoo will receive their awards at the EWNJ’s annual party on Nov. 30 in Roseland.

Ms. Libert is a second-year graduate student in the Doctor of Counseling Psychology program at Felician University. She said, “Receiving the Prudential Award is an honor and I look forward to pursuing multiple opportunities through this scholarship. I will use the funding to attend academic and professional conferences directly related to my clinical and research interests. The award is also a source of pride, as it is very gratifying to know that others recognize the value of my aspirations. I am so grateful for the opportunity to move forward in my goal of improving the treatment of eating disorders through the provision of more equitable care. I am also extremely grateful to Dr. Jonathan Sepulveda and Dr. Daniel Mahoney, who graciously provided the letters of recommendation which enabled me to obtain this scholarship.

Ms. Hoo is a doctoral candidate in psychology with an expected graduation date of May 2023. Her doctoral pursuit is focused on providing an integrative approach that includes psychoanalytic psychotherapy, CBT, DBT, and holding models. account of trauma. She said, “Receiving this award means a lot to me as it will help fund the final year of my training program and allow me to pursue my mission and goal of providing high quality mental health services to groups. marginalized, to reduce the stigma associated with mental health. , and advocate for social justice. As a mother, it’s so important to show my son how hard work, commitment, and resilience will achieve your goals while staying true to your core values. For these reasons, I am truly grateful to EWNJ for this scholarship which allows me to continue to grow as a professional and as a mother. Ms. Hoo would also like to continue training and supervising students as she finds teaching rewarding.

Dr. Daniel Mahoney, Psychology Graduate Program Director, said, “Vanvian and Alexis are excellent students who have demonstrated leadership and scholarship throughout their academic work in the PsyD program at the University. ‘Felician University. Both students have a commitment to social justice and equity, which is central to our curriculum and reflects the core values ​​of the University. It is therefore a great honor that they have received these awards by recognizing them, recognizing their leadership and demonstrating that they have succeeded in helping others.

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About Felician University

Felician University inspires and engages more than 2,100 undergraduate, graduate, and adult education students through programs in the Schools of Arts and Sciences, Business and Information Sciences, nursing and education. For the past five years, Felician University has been ranked the 3rd best value private institution in New Jersey by payscale.com and the #1 safest college campus in New Jersey by niche .com. The Master of Science in Nursing program is ranked among the top online graduate nursing programs in the nation by US News and World Report. Felician University has been designated a military-friendly school (Gold status) for the ninth year, recognizing its strong support for veteran students. The university is recognized for its diversity as an HSI (Hispanic Serving Institution) and MSI (Minority Serving Institution), with underrepresented students making up more than half of the student population. With campuses in Rutherford and Lodi, New Jersey, Franciscan values ​​of social justice, compassion, and respect for human dignity serve as an inclusive foundation to transform the lives of tomorrow’s leaders. For more information, please visit https://felician.edu.

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IoPPN Researchers Featured in 2022 Highly Cited Researchers List http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/ioppn-researchers-featured-in-2022-highly-cited-researchers-list/ Tue, 15 Nov 2022 09:08:00 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/ioppn-researchers-featured-in-2022-highly-cited-researchers-list/ King’s College London has 27 entries on this year’s list, 22 of whom work at IoPPN. These are: Louise Arseneault, Professor of Developmental Psychology Dag Aarsland, Professor of Old Age Psychiatry Andrea Danese, professor of child and adolescent psychiatry Paola Dazzan, professor of neurobiology of psychosis and vice-dean (international) Helen Fisher, Professor of Developmental Psychopathology […]]]>

King’s College London has 27 entries on this year’s list, 22 of whom work at IoPPN. These are:

Louise Arseneault, Professor of Developmental Psychology

Dag Aarsland, Professor of Old Age Psychiatry

Andrea Danese, professor of child and adolescent psychiatry

Paola Dazzan, professor of neurobiology of psychosis and vice-dean (international)

Helen Fisher, Professor of Developmental Psychopathology

Fiona Gaughran, Professor of Physical Health and Clinical Therapeutics in Psychiatry

Peter Goadsby, Professor of Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Francesca Happe, Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience

Oliver Howes, Professor of Molecular Psychiatry

Philip McGuire, Professor of Psychiatry and Cognitive Neuroscience

Terrie Moffitt, Professor, Chair in Social Behavior and Development

Valeria Mondelli, Clinical Professor of Psychoneuroimmunology

Craig Morgan, professor of social epidemiology

Sir Robin Murray, Professor of Psychiatric Research

Carmine Pariante, Professor of Biological Psychiatry

Martin Prince, professor of epidemiological psychiatry

Daniel Stahl, professor of medical statistics and machine learning

Dr. Brendon Stubbs, NIHR Clinical Lecturer

Sir Graham Thornicroft, Professor of Community Psychiatry

Lucia Valmaggia, Professor of Clinical Psychology

Sir Simon Wessely, Regius Professor of Psychiatry

Allan Young, Chair of Mood Disorders and Associate Dean (Academic Psychiatry)

Colleagues from other King faculties appearing on the list were:

Professor Irene Higginson, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care

Dr Hak-Keung Lam, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Professor Tim D. Spector, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine

Dr. Jordana T. Bell, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine

Professor Frank Kelly, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine

The full list of 2022 Highly Cited Researchers and Executive Summary can be viewed online here.

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UM responds to professors emeritus: allegations ‘taken seriously’, Flint campus offers ‘lots of promise’ http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/um-responds-to-professors-emeritus-allegations-taken-seriously-flint-campus-offers-lots-of-promise/ Fri, 11 Nov 2022 23:16:36 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/um-responds-to-professors-emeritus-allegations-taken-seriously-flint-campus-offers-lots-of-promise/ By Jan Worth-Nelson Allegations of misguided decision-making and concerns about bullying at the highest level at the University of Michigan–Flint were “taken seriously” and received an “appropriate” response, the gatekeepers said Friday. floor of the University of Michigan. Associate Professor Emeritus Theodosia Robertson and the other 20 former UM-Flint faculty who signed a letter of […]]]>

By Jan Worth-Nelson

Allegations of misguided decision-making and concerns about bullying at the highest level at the University of Michigan–Flint were “taken seriously” and received an “appropriate” response, the gatekeepers said Friday. floor of the University of Michigan.

Associate Professor Emeritus Theodosia Robertson and the other 20 former UM-Flint faculty who signed a letter of concern sent to UM President Santa J. Ono on Nov. 2 received the email response from Rick Fitzgerald of the UM Public Affairs Office.

The letter was also attached to a response to East Village Magazine from Robb King, UM’s director of marketing and communications. It is reproduced in its entirety below.

(Graphic source: www.umflint.edu)

The flurry of communications arose from controversies emerging from what UM called a “strategic transformation” — an effort announced on the Flint campus Sept. 23 by UM-Flint Chancellor Debasish Dutta to try to resolve UM – Flint Problems including declining enrollment, declining numbers of university students, and other issues.

Fitzgerald wrote that following a Nov. 4 visit to UM-Flint by UM’s new president, whose first official day on the job was Oct. 14, “it is clear to him that UM-Flint is an excellent institution with great promise that has the strong support of community leaders.

Regarding the impassioned comments of former College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) Dean Susan Gano Phillips – who says she resigned under pressure in June – Fitzgerald wrote: ‘The President and Chancellor are aware of the concerns raised by the Professor Gano Phillips. . The university took these allegations seriously and carefully reviewed the details of each situation and responded appropriately.

EVM asked UM for details on what those answers specifically entailed. King replied, “We are unable to share any further details.”

French Hall on the UM-Flint campus in downtown Flint. (Photo by Tom Travis)

The 21 retired UM-Flint faculty, all from the College of Arts and Sciences, expressed concern about recent planned and proposed changes to the Flint campus and the decision-making process involved, saying Gano Phillips’ statement ” reflects the emergence of a culture campus under Chancellor Dutta where pressure replaces reasoned decisions of shared governance and where concomitant secrecy and confusion lead to demoralization of staff.

Fitzgerald’s letter indicated, contrary to the claims of some on the Flint campus, that the move of three CAS academic units to the university’s new College of Innovation and Technology (CIT) had in fact not been made suddenly but after a series of considerations across the divisions, and, in effect, a response to requests from the faculty of those units themselves.

Although the letter from the emeritus did not directly raise it, Fitzgerald’s letter also addresses concerns raised during the October 20 Regents Meeting about Huron Consulting, a controversial agency hired by UM to help with the so-called “strategic transformation” initiative underway at the Flint campus.

“…the Huron Consulting Group makes no recommendations or decisions. The group helps the Flint campus collect market data and analysis,” Fitzgerald said.

He also reiterated what UM – Flint Chancellor Dutta said in community meetings, “…that campus leaders consider the wants and needs of all affected constituencies throughout the process. Contributions from faculty, staff, students and other stakeholders arrive daily. »

UM – Flint Chancellor Dutta (Photo Source: UM-Flint website)

More information on UM – Flint’s strategic transformation process is available here.

UM Response to Emeritus Letter

Sent on November 10, 2022
Dear Professor Emerita Robertson and colleagues:

Thank you for taking the time to voice your opinions and share your concerns. President Santa J. Ono and Chancellor Deba Dutta have asked me to respond.

As you may know, President Ono visited the UM-Flint campus on November 4, and it is clear to him that UM-Flint is an excellent institution with great promise that has strong support from community leaders.

The President and Chancellor are aware of the concerns raised by Professor Gano-Phillips. The university took these allegations seriously and carefully reviewed the details of each situation and responded appropriately.

In line with the relocation of three academic programs from the College of Arts and Sciences to the College of Innovation and Technology, these moves were made to better align the disciplines represented, as well as research and faculty interests, to the most appropriate unit.

The moves were approved by the provost after his office received letters requesting the move signed by all faculty members who eventually moved. After reviewing the request and in consultation with the Deans of both colleges, the move was approved by the Provost, Chancellor and Board of Trustees.

Finally, to address concerns surrounding the strategic transformation initiative, it is important to reiterate that the Huron Consulting Group does not make any recommendations or decisions. The group assists the Flint campus with data collection and market analysis.

We would also like to emphasize that campus leaders consider the wants and needs of all affected constituencies throughout the process. Contributions from faculty, staff, students and other stakeholders arrive daily. All of this information will be considered along with market analysis and program data before decisions are made or plans are finalized regarding the university’s academic programs.

The end goal is to strengthen student outcomes at UM-Flint so that the university is academically strong and financially viable to meet the needs of our state’s citizens and prepare UM-Flint graduates for productive careers.

Sincerely,

Rick Fitzgerald
Public Affairs Office

Original Letter from Emeritus Faculty to President Ono:

Dear President Ono,

I write out of concern about the current situation of the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) under the leadership of UM-Flint Chancellor Debasish Dutta. Comments by former CAS Dean Susan Gano-Phillips at the Oct. 20 Regents meeting in Flint outlined the context for Chancellor Dutta’s June 2022 executive action to transfer three CAS academic programs (computing , engineering and physics) to form a new unit. , the College of Information and Technology (CIT). https://youtube.com/watch?v=za-nrcespBE

Along with distinguished colleagues who have signed on here, I am concerned both about how CIT was formed and about the strength of CAS in the process of strategic transformation ahead. Former dean Susan Gano-Philips’ disturbing statement does not bode well for the future of liberal arts on the UM-Flint campus.

Three articles about the situation appeared on October 21 and 22 in Flint’s East Village Magazine online: https://www.eastvillagemagazine.org/

Emeritus professors have experienced several changes in the constituent units of our Flint campus; discussions were often contentious, but none were as threatening as this situation. Susan Gano-Philips’ statement reflects the emergence of a campus culture under Chancellor Dutta where pressure replaces reasoned decisions of shared governance and concomitant secrecy and confusion leads to demoralization of staff. Complaints through the appropriate channels were not acknowledged.

The new CIT unit, whatever its merits, was created at the expense of the College of Arts and Sciences in an action in June before the strategic transformation process launched publicly in August-September.

Strategic Transformation Page
Presentation of the Chancellor Strategic transformation

If this strategic transformation is to succeed, the role of the College of Arts and Sciences in the history and mission of the Flint campus as a university cannot be ignored. An institution with integrity does not allow complaints, grievances and allegations to go unanswered. Respect for the principle of shared governance is not only an academic value; it is an essential element for public acceptance of campus change.

On behalf of the undersigned, I eagerly await your response.

Sincerely,

Theodosia (Teddy) Robertson
Emeritus Associate Professor of History

List of signatories, in addition to Robertson

Jacqueline Zeff (Emeritus English teacher)

Douglas E. Miller (Associate Professor of German and Art Emeritus)

Ronald E. Silverman (professor of psychology)

Lois M. Rosen (Professor of English Emeritus)

Kathryn Schellenberg (Associate Professor of Sociology Emeritus)

Harry Frank (Emeritus Professor of Psychology and Emeritus Associate Professor of Earth and Resource Sciences)

Carolyn M. Gillespie (Drama Professor Emeritus)

Margaret F. Kahn (professor of political science and David M. professor of French emeritus)

Harriet Wall (professor of psychology emeritus)

Tracy L. Wacker (Distinguished Lecturer in Biology)

Christine Waters (art professor emeritus)

Charles EM Dunlop (Professor of Philosophy & David M. Emeritus Professor of French)

Paul Peterson (Associate Professor of Philosophy Emeritus)

Neil Leighton (Emeritus Professor of Political Science)

Lauren Friesen (Drama teacher & David M. Emeritus French teacher)

Ernest N. Emenyonu (Emeritus Professor of African Studies)

Richard Gull (emeritus professor of philosophy)

Nathan Oaklander (professor of philosophy and David M. professor emeritus of French)

Peter Gluck (Emeritus Professor of Political Science)

Lois Alexander (professor of music emeritus)

Charles Thomas (Emeritus Professor of Sociology)

EVM Editor Jan Worth-Nelson can be reached at janworth1118@gmail.com. Worth-Nelson worked for UM-Flint from 1987 to 2013, most of those years as a writing professor in the English department, and retired as director of the Thompson Center for Learning and Teaching.

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Genetic variation and behavioral diversity in autism http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/genetic-variation-and-behavioral-diversity-in-autism/ Wed, 09 Nov 2022 21:41:24 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/genetic-variation-and-behavioral-diversity-in-autism/ Summary: The findings provide insight into how natural genetic variations affect brain development and give rise to the range of behaviors associated with autism. Source: SfN Research in humans and animal models points to potential biological and genetic mechanisms contributing to the diversity of behaviors seen in autism. The results were presented at Neuroscience 2022, […]]]>

Summary: The findings provide insight into how natural genetic variations affect brain development and give rise to the range of behaviors associated with autism.

Source: SfN

Research in humans and animal models points to potential biological and genetic mechanisms contributing to the diversity of behaviors seen in autism.

The results were presented at Neuroscience 2022, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world’s largest source of emerging information on brain science and brain health.

Autism, also called autism spectrum disorder, is a diverse group of conditions related to brain development. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 1 in 44 children in the United States are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, with the diagnosis occurring four times more frequently in boys than in girls.

New research offers a better understanding of how natural genetic variation affects brain development and gives rise to the range of behaviors associated with autism and may contribute to more individualized approaches to supporting people with autism.

Today’s new findings show that:

  • A group of genes that have altered activity in autism are also regulated differently in developing male and female brains, potentially contributing to gender differences in autism symptoms and diagnosis. (Donna Werling, University of Wisconsin-Madison)
  • Analyzes focusing on behavioral and genomic differences between sibling pairs reveal genetic locations that may prove relevant to autism-related social difficulties. (Nathaniel Stockham, Stanford University)
  • In autistic humans and mouse models of autism, brain imaging reveals two dominant subtypes characterized by impaired communication between brain regions. (Marco Pagani, Istituto Italiano Di Tecnologia)

See also

This shows the building blocks
Autism, also called autism spectrum disorder, is a diverse group of conditions related to brain development. Image is in public domain

“Studies like the ones presented today confirm that autism is driven by sources of genetic variation that exist naturally in the human population,” says Nicola Grissom, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Minnesota who studies individual differences. and sexual in motivated and executive behavior. function in mouse models.

“A better understanding of the genetic components of autism and an appreciation for the neurodiversity that naturally occurs in people can help combat the stigma that still exists around autism.”

About this genetics and autism research news

Author: Press office
Source: SfN
Contact: Press office – SfN
Image: Image is in public domain

Original research: The findings will appear in Neuroscience 2022

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If love is blind, why can’t we all stop looking? http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/if-love-is-blind-why-cant-we-all-stop-looking/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 14:14:12 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/if-love-is-blind-why-cant-we-all-stop-looking/ Love is blind is one of many dating shows on Netflix hosted by celebrity couple Nick and Vanessa Lachey. Single men and women “meet” in adjoining rooms where they can hear each other but not see each other. If the couple get engaged, unseen, they will meet in person. They then have 30 days up […]]]>

Love is blind is one of many dating shows on Netflix hosted by celebrity couple Nick and Vanessa Lachey. Single men and women “meet” in adjoining rooms where they can hear each other but not see each other. If the couple get engaged, unseen, they will meet in person. They then have 30 days up to and including their wedding day to decide if they will get married.

Is it possible to find lasting love in this strange way? What can science tell us about which couples are most likely to stay together if they say yes? Can we already identify the couples likely to be heading for disaster?

Is love blind? Well not really.

Researcher Robert Sternberg has suggested a triangular theory of love involving: commitment, passion and privacy. Passion is directly related to the physical attraction. Passion sets the stage for intimacy and leads to increased, focused energy Warningand goal-oriented behavior intended to win over your partner.

The final part of the triangle is commitment: a social contract that binds you and your partner together with the responsibility to care for each other’s well-being and that of your offspring.

On Love is blind, people become emotionally intimate with a stranger and commit to marrying that stranger – who they may or may not feel physically attracted to when they meet in person. If Sternberg’s triangular theory is to be believed, without the physical attraction that leads to passion, there may still be a component of physical intimacy that some of these couples lack.

(Unfortunately, that doesn’t bode well for Cole and Zanab.)

Is love based on science or convenience?

Source: Josh Willinik/Pexels

Which couples are more likely to stay together? Those with the most oxytocin.

A 2012 study found that the level of oxytocin at the start of a romance accurately predicts couples who were still together after six months. Even more intriguing is that couples with higher levels of oxytocin also used more mature coping skills within their relationship.

What are the best coping skills for managing conflict in your relationship?

  • Speak with I-statements rather than as if your truth is universal. For example, “I feel sad when you don’t acknowledge that I cook your dinner” rather than “You never appreciate anything I do.”
  • Stay calm.
  • Avoid personal attacks.

Luckily, Bastile and Nancy did a great job calmly dealing with their difficult times, expressing their feelings using I-statements, and avoiding intentional personal attacks.

However, their lack of physical contact early in the relationship may have negatively affected the feedback loop of oxytocin production: the more physical affection occurs, the higher the level of oxytocin. The higher the level of oxytocin, the more likely physical ailment is to occur.

Oxytocin and optimism

High levels of oxytocin are also associated with greater optimism on the current and future state of the relationship. Which makes it more likely that relationship cheerleaders Alexa and Brennon and Raven and SK will still be together when the reunion episode airs.

Which couples go to disaster?

Well, the easiest way to predict disaster is to look to the Four Horsemen of the Gottman Institute: the best empirically-supported sign that the end of a relationship is near.

What are the Four Horsemen?

  • Criticism: Bold general statements about your partner that insult who they are as a person rather than a specific action they did that upset you. Any statement beginning with “You always have”, “You never have” or “You do it again” is likely to fall into this category. The problem is that these bold sweeping statements prevent either person from learning anything from the argument. Instead of understanding why or how your actions made your partner unhappy, the argument becomes larger than life and impossible to refute.
  • Contempt: It’s just a big fancy word for when someone gets mean and mean. You can recognize your partner’s contempt by the changed look in her eyes, the disrespectful sarcasm she doesn’t bother to contain, or the way your words or actions are mimicked by your partner, an exaggerated presentation that aims to make you feel small.
  • Defensive: This knight is essentially the reverse card included in the Uno card game. Rather than taking responsibility for a mistake you made, such as forgetting to pick up the laundry, or an important date on the calendar you should have remembered, you simply throw away the reverse calendar and blame your partner. ! After all, they really should have reminded you. Or picked up the laundry themselves. Or have a job that pays more money so the financial burden isn’t always on your shoulders.
  • Stonewalling: This is what happens when someone handles an argument by leaving rather than staying to have a conversation that could lead to a resolution. It’s when someone shuts down so much that their partner feels incredibly alone in their argument and in their relationship as a whole. This jumper just left, which is a pretty good predictor of how likely they are to leave soon. wedding as well.

So what does this tell us about our hopeful potential cast of newlyweds and their likelihood of a future that includes all Happiness what did they expect?

Unfortunately, Gottman’s Four Horsemen has me very worried about Colleen and Matt’s future. On several occasions, Matt puts his things away and declares his intention to leave when he feels vulnerable (stonewalling). And even when the two make amends, Matt seems unable to acknowledge the huge role his own insecurities and volatile emotions play in their relationship.

Are we all blind in love?

Ultimately, one of the reasons this show is so popular is that despite the atypical circumstances in which these couples meet, we can all relate to falling in love and the other person not loving us. back in the same way as us. need them. And since none of us are quite sure what to expect when we start a relationship with something new, we could say that we all fall in love a bit blindly.

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Backlash from racial justice movements may increase risk of high BMI and obesity http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/backlash-from-racial-justice-movements-may-increase-risk-of-high-bmi-and-obesity/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 02:43:10 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/backlash-from-racial-justice-movements-may-increase-risk-of-high-bmi-and-obesity/ UNIVERSITY PARK, Pennsylvania — Since its inception in 2013, the Black Lives Matter movement has helped raise awareness and mobilize efforts against racial inequality. It also sparked controversy, and new research found that the backlash from the movement could have negative health consequences for black Americans. The research team, including a professor from Penn State’s […]]]>

UNIVERSITY PARK, Pennsylvania — Since its inception in 2013, the Black Lives Matter movement has helped raise awareness and mobilize efforts against racial inequality. It also sparked controversy, and new research found that the backlash from the movement could have negative health consequences for black Americans.

The research team, including a professor from Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences, found that black people who lived in areas where anti-Black Lives Matter sentiments were more common online were more likely to have a mass index. higher body weight (BMI) or obesity. This held true even after controlling for factors such as local police brutality rates, individual and regional factors related to health outcomes, and baseline BMI, the researchers said.

Hyun Joon Park, a recent Penn State psychology graduate student and now an assistant professor of psychology at Connecticut College, said the findings suggest that exposure to negative feelings toward race-related issues doesn’t just affect mental health but physical health, as well.

Guangqing Chi, professor of rural sociology, demography and public health sciences, said the work — published in the journal Social Science & Medicine — is also a good example of how granting universities can help solve societal problems through their outreach missions.

“Penn State has many world-renowned social scientists who study inequality and seek equitable solutions,” Chi said. “This study is an example of our social scientists using innovative data and advanced methods to investigate a long-standing but pressing social issue.”

“Policymakers could consider legislation to help foster safer and more positive social environments for minorities,” Park said. “Furthermore, because hostile social sentiments on race-related issues can spread so easily online, social media companies could extend their algorithms to better identify hateful conversations.”

According to researchers, Black Lives Matter originated in 2013 as a social movement against systemic injustice and police brutality against black people. But while it quickly gained traction with its supporters, it also inspired counter-movements such as All Lives Matter, White Lives Matter and Blue Lives Matter.

Park explained that he and the other researchers wanted to explore how the prevalence of anti-Black Lives Matter sentiments might be associated with health-related risk factors.

“Specifically, we sought to determine whether living in areas with higher anti-Black Lives Matter sentiments were expressed online was associated with higher BMI and obesity,” Park said. “Identifying how race-related stressors can lead to obesity is critical because obesity is often a gateway to other diseases.”

For the study, researchers analyzed more than 50,000 tweets posted between 2014 and 2016, using machine learning to determine whether or not the tweets were negative toward the Black Lives Matter movement. They only included geocoded tweets – those that included data on the location of the person who sent the tweet.

The researchers then extracted data on the BMI and obesity status of more than 20,000 black Americans from the Centers for Disease Control’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey in 2017.

Finally, they retrieved data on explicit and implicit racism from Implicit Project, a database tracking incidents of racism reported by millions of people. From this data, the researchers identified 934,910 expressions of explicit racism and 885,808 of implicit racism. They also pulled data on local police brutality rates from Previous search.

After analyzing the data, the researchers found that for every 7.5% increase in negative positions towards Black Lives Matter, there was a 0.20 point increase in BMI and a 6% increase in the likelihood to be obese for black people living in that area.

The results also suggest that positions against Black Lives Matter were associated with higher levels of local implicit racism, but not explicit racism, against black people. Chi said a surprising finding was that negative stances on Black Lives Matter were also associated with lower regional rates of police brutality toward black people.

“It’s possible that people living in areas with higher rates of police brutality are more likely to show support for Black Lives Matter,” Chi said. “Regardless of this association, stances against Black Lives Matter and police brutality predicted both higher BMI and the prevalence of obesity, replicate past discoveries that exposure to police brutality harms the health of black people.

In the future, the researchers say, additional studies may continue to explore relationships between positions on race-related issues and health outcomes.

Three other recent Penn State graduates – Sara Chari Francisco, now an assistant professor at Grinnell College; Mr. Rosemary Pang, currently a lecturer at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst; and Lulu Peng, now a postdoctoral researcher at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, also participated in this work.

The National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development helped support this research.

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OSU psychology professor advances new theory on moral judgment http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/osu-psychology-professor-advances-new-theory-on-moral-judgment/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 14:47:50 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/osu-psychology-professor-advances-new-theory-on-moral-judgment/ Thursday, October 27, 2022 Media contact: Elizabeth Gosney | CAS Marketing and Communication Manager | 405-744-7497 | egosney@okstate.edu Dr. Daniel Sznycer, assistant professor at Oklahoma State University’s Department of Psychologyrecently published to research on moral judgment in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “This paper shows the first evidence that dilemmas trigger a […]]]>

Thursday, October 27, 2022

Media contact: Elizabeth Gosney | CAS Marketing and Communication Manager | 405-744-7497 | egosney@okstate.edu

Dr. Daniel Sznycer, assistant professor at Oklahoma State University’s Department of Psychologyrecently published to research on moral judgment in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“This paper shows the first evidence that dilemmas trigger a well-designed cognitive system to make trade-offs between conflicting moral values,” Sznycer said.

The study aimed to understand how people resolve sacrificial dilemmas, such as whether it is acceptable to sacrifice one person’s life to save the lives of five people. In these dilemmas, one cannot satisfy one moral value without violating another moral value, at least to some extent, Sznycer explained.

Dr. Daniel Sznycer

“Major theories of moral psychology claim that sacrificial dilemmas trigger a tug of war between emotions and reasoning,” Sznycer said. “These dual-process theories can only produce extreme judgment. Critically, these theories assert that the mind cannot produce compromise judgments: those that balance competing moral values ​​by partially satisfying each, but our new paper suggests that this is not true.

“We show evidence supporting the idea that the mind is equipped with a specialized system that we call a moral compromise system (MTS). The MTS has no trouble producing intuitive judgments that include compromises, and he does it rationally.

Sznycer collaborated on this research with lead author Ricardo Guzmán of the Center for Social Complexity Research at Universidad del Desarrollo in Chile, María Teresa Barbato of Universidad del Desarrollo, and Leda Cosmides of UC Santa Barbara.

Sznycer said their research combines evolutionary psychology, rational choice theory and a revealed-preference method from microeconomics to validate a new model of how people solve moral dilemmas.

“In my laboratory we combine different theories and methods to understand how the mind works,” Sznycer said. “For example, in recent work, we have used the criminal laws of ancient Mesopotamia and China – that is, archaeological artifacts – to understand how people think about wrongdoing and justice. I think this combination of theories and methods is a powerful tool for understanding human nature.

In addition to being a researcher and faculty member at OSU, Sznycer is also part of OSU
Oklahoma Center for Evolutionary Analysis. OCEAN integrates approaches from the natural and social sciences and the humanities to understand psychological human nature.

“OCEAN is just a fantastic collaborative space, and OSU’s psychology department is a great place to conduct psychological research,” Sznycer said. “I’m lucky and grateful because we have the right infrastructure here, lots of support from other faculty and staff, and input from brilliant students.”

Access Sznycer’s paper through the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences website here.

Story By: Kelli Leech, CAS Graduate Assistant | kelli.leech@okstate.edu

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Science reveals genes that contribute to dyslexia http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/science-reveals-genes-that-contribute-to-dyslexia/ Mon, 24 Oct 2022 11:45:58 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/science-reveals-genes-that-contribute-to-dyslexia/ By By Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter, health day reporter (Health Day) MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Some children have trouble reading or spelling due to a condition called dyslexia which is known to run in families. Now researchers report that they have identified a large number of genes responsible for the disease. “Our […]]]>

By By Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter, health day reporter

(Health Day)

Now researchers report that they have identified a large number of genes responsible for the disease.

“Our results show that common genetic differences have very similar effects in boys and girls, and that there is a genetic link between dyslexia and ambidexterity,” said the lead researcher. Michelle Lucianofrom the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

“Our results also suggest that dyslexia is very closely genetically linked to performance on reading and spelling tests, reinforcing the importance of standardized tests for identifying dyslexia,” Luciano said in a university press release.

To reach these conclusions, the researchers tested the association between millions of genetic variants and dyslexia status, finding 42 significant variants in the study, which included 50,000 adults diagnosed with dyslexia and 1 million adults without a diagnosis.

About a third of the genetic variants identified had previously been linked to general cognitive ability and educational level. Some of the genes were associated with other neurodevelopmental disorders, such as language delay, as well as thinking ability and academic achievement. Many were novel and may represent genes that more specifically associate with processes essential to learning to read, the study found.

The study was the largest genetic study of dyslexia to date.

The researchers also found that several of the associated genetic variants were significant in a sample of Chinese-speaking participants in the study. This suggests that general thinking processes in learning to read are not language dependent.

Using genetic information from the study, researchers were able to predict how well children and adults in four other studies could read.

Other key researchers were from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in the Netherlands, the QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute in Australia and the American company 23andMe Inc.

The US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more on dyslexia.

SOURCE: University of Edinburgh, press release, 20 October 2022

Copyright © 2022 health day. All rights reserved.

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Brighton and Hove News » Brighton businesses are encouraged to sign up for a four-day working week trial http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/brighton-and-hove-news-brighton-businesses-are-encouraged-to-sign-up-for-a-four-day-working-week-trial/ Fri, 21 Oct 2022 11:24:00 +0000 http://www.populerpsikoloji.com/brighton-and-hove-news-brighton-businesses-are-encouraged-to-sign-up-for-a-four-day-working-week-trial/ MRL Consulting Group in Hove were the early pioneers of the four day week Brighton businesses are invited to sign up for a three-month trial of a four-day working week. University of Sussex psychology professor Dr Charlotte Rae has studied the effects of shortening the working week and says early research has shown significant benefits […]]]>

MRL Consulting Group in Hove were the early pioneers of the four day week

Brighton businesses are invited to sign up for a three-month trial of a four-day working week.

University of Sussex psychology professor Dr Charlotte Rae has studied the effects of shortening the working week and says early research has shown significant benefits for staff.

She will present the first results of the Sussex 4 Day Week project and an event called The Science Behind the 4 Day Week, on Wednesday 26 October at Brighton Girls School on Montpelier Road.

Brighton Space Words

the project is now looking for other companies to sign up to test a four-day week for three months, starting anytime. Employees would receive 100% of their salary for working 80% of their normal working hours.

According to the researchers, results so far have shown significant health benefits, including sleep and mental health.

Company performance measures further showed that productivity was either maintained or improved, with five of the six companies running the trial now intending to make the four-day working week permanent.

Dr Charlotte Rae, lecturer in psychology at the University of Sussex, said: ‘It has been widely argued for some time now that the five-day, 9-5 working week is outdated and no longer suitable for a variety of reasons, including important to health, cost and the environment.

GDK 2 for 1

“However, it’s only through trials like ours that we finally get the science to properly back this up.

“Our research shows that a four-day work week can bring huge benefits not only to staff well-being, but also to overall workplace performance.

“We hope that as many local employers as possible will join us at The Science behind the 4 day week event, and that after hearing our findings and how a 4 day week works in practice members of the panel, will be inspired to also participate in our trial.

“By doing so, they will not only support important research, but will hopefully also reap valuable benefits for their business and their workforce.”

One of the first companies in the country to pilot a four-day week was Hove-based MRL Consulting Group, which implemented it for six months in 2019.

After seeing significant improvements in staff retention, productivity and reduced short-term absences, the company made the change permanent.

Next week’s free event, in partnership with the Brighton Chamber of Commerce, is part of the two-week National Social Science Festival.

Those unable to attend the event can get more details and sign up for the trial by visiting www.sussex4dayweek.co.uk.

The Sussex 4 Day Week project is one of many national trials conducted on the impact of a shorter working week, but it is the only one that measures the biological benefits of shorter working hours alongside the performance of the company.

Currently being tested by six Brighton companies, employees have undertaken a series of assessments, from in-depth questionnaires to in-person biological tests such as MRIs and blood tests, to track the psychological and physical impact of working four to four. instead of five. days a week.

The science behind the week-long four-day event will include a presentation of the scientific data obtained by the team so far, as well as a panel discussion with employers and employees currently participating in the trial.

A final Q&A session will allow other local business owners to ask additional questions.

To book a free ticket for The Science Behind the four-day week event, visit www.brightonchamber.co.uk/event/the-science-behind-the-four-day-week.

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