New research sheds new light on ‘presenteeism’ – ScienceDaily
According to a new study from Trinity College Dublin, sick employees only presenteeism when they have not met their daily work goals.
The study, published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology recently also found that working on a day when you feel bad drains mental energy that cannot be recovered the next day.
The study seeks to shed light on the phenomenon of ‘presenteeism’ – defined by researchers as continuing to work in the face of poor health. The practice has been called an “800-pound gorilla” by occupational health psychology researchers because of the enormous costs it inflicts on employees and organizations. These costs include burnout, reduced maneuverability and lost productivity.
This study led by Dr. Wladislaw Rivkin, Associate Professor of Organizational Behaviour, Trinity, deepens our understanding of the detrimental impact of presenteeism on employee effectiveness by demonstrating that mental resource depletion is a key mechanism responsible for these effects. harmful.
The research involved 126 employees recording their daily productivity over 12 working days, resulting in 995 daily work observations. It was conducted during the COVID-19 lockdown in 2020, when all participants were working from home.
Dr. Rivkin commented:
“Addressing day-to-day presenteeism is crucial, especially for remote workers. Managers should openly discourage presenteeism by reassuring team members that if they feel unwell, it’s okay to reduce their daily work goals and tend to their health instead.In light of the energy-depleting nature of presenteeism if employees engage in presenteeism, they should be working on inherently enjoyable tasks rather than tedious ones which further drain their energy.
“So while it may seem like a good idea to work despite poor health to achieve work goals, our research shows that it has a ripple effect on remote workers’ performance the next day, as presenteeism drains employees’ psychological energy, which cannot be fully recovered after work.”
The full article was titled “Should I Stay or Should I Go? The Role of Daily Presenteeism as an Adaptive Response to Job Performance Despite Somatic Complaints about Employee Effectiveness.”
Wlad Rivkin is an Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior and Work Psychology whose research focuses on burnout, stress and other demands people experience at work as well as what organizations can do to protect well-being employees and maintain their efficiency. Other recent research projects include studies on the impact of commuting on employee well-being, the role of willpower in overcoming the negative effects of a poor night’s sleep, and the impact of the use of smartphone outside working hours on sleep quality.